Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the West, Czech Republic and Slovakia to the South, Ukraine and Belarus to the East, and Kaliningrad Oblast (Russia exclave) and Lithuania to the North. Poland’s north border is also lined by the 528-kilometer coast of The Baltic Sea.
Poland has been a member of NATO since 1999, the European Union since 2004 and, in 2007, Poland joined the Schengen Area.
Polish academic traditions date back to the 14th century. Some of Europe’s oldest universities can be found here. Polish universities are well-known all over the world for the high level of education they offer.
POLAND IN SHORT
Official name: Republic of Poland/Rzeczpospolita
Polska; short form Poland/Polska
• Location: Central Europe
• Language: Polish
• Capital City: Warsaw (Warszawa)
• Major cities: Lodz (Łódź), Cracow (Kraków), Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk
• Population: 38116 000 (December 2009)
• Religions: Roman Catholic 89,8 %, Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Jewish, among others
• Currency: Złoty (PLN)
• Climate: moderate with both maritime and continental elements (the average temperature in winter is -2°C, the average day temperature in summer is 22°C ). Detailed climate data for Lodz (graphs and tables included; UL rights reserved)
Poland has been a part of the Students’ Exchange Programme for years, however, it rapidly increased after Poland’s accession to the EU. From that moment our universities became part of the European Area of Higher Education, which meant unifying and intensifying contacts with foreign academies on various levels.
Most of all, universities gained the possibility of free and easy exchange of students within European Union countries and opened themselves to the rest of the world. Lodz, being one of the largest cities in Poland (nearly 800,000 inhabitants), is one of the most significant academic centres with more than 120,000 students. Universities offer their students a wide range of complementary areas of study, ranging from the humanities, through science, engineering and medicine, to academic studies like fine arts, music, and film direction.